In this paper, we investigate the importance of phase for texture discrimination and similarity estimation tasks. We first use two psychophysical experiments to investigate the relative importance of phase and magnitude spectra for human texture discrimination and similarity estimation. The results show that phase is more important to humans for both tasks. We further examine the ability of 51 computational feature sets to perform these two tasks. In contrast with the psychophysical experiments, it is observed that the magnitude data are more important to these computational feature sets than the phase data. We hypothesise that this inconsistency is due to the difference between the abilities of humans and the computational feature sets to utilise phase data. This motivates us to investigate the application of the 51 feature sets to phase-only images in addition to their use on the original data set. This investigation is extended to exploit Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) features. The results show that our feature fusion scheme improves the average performance of those feature sets for estimating humans' perceptual texture similarity. The superior performance should be attributed to the importance of phase to texture similarity.
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 18 Mar 2020|