The Horace Brown Medal lecture: Forty years of brewing research

Graham G. Stewart

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    33 Citations (Scopus)


    Horace Brown spent fifty years conducting brewing research in Burton-on-Trent, Dublin and London. His contributions were remarkable and his focus was to solve practical brewing problems by employing and developing fundamental scientific principles. He studied all aspects of the brewing process including raw materials, wort preparation, fermentation, yeast and beer stability. As a number of previous presenters of the Horace Brown Lecture have discussed Brown's achievements in detail, the focus of this paper is a review of the brewing research that has been conducted by the author and his colleagues during the past forty years. Similar to Horace Brown, fundamental research has been employed to solve brewing problems. Research studies that are discussed in this review paper include reasons for premature flocculation of ale strains resulting in wort underattenuation including mechanisms of co-flocculation and pure strain flocculation, storage procedures for yeast cultures prior to propagation, studies on the genetic manipulation of brewer's yeast strains with an emphasis on the FLO1 gene, spheroplast fusion and the respiratory deficient (petite) mutation, the uptake and metabolism of wort sugars and amino acids, the influence of wort density on fermentation characteristics and beer flavour and stability, and finally, the contribution that high gravity brewing has on brewing capacity, fermentation efficiency and beer quality and stability. © 2009 The Institute of Brewing & Distilling.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3-29
    Number of pages27
    JournalJournal of the Institute of Brewing
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


    • Co-flocculation
    • Flavour
    • Flocculation
    • Genetic manipulation
    • High gravity brewing
    • Petite mutation
    • Propagation
    • Stability
    • Wort clarity and composition
    • Yeast management


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