The evolution of paste pressure during stencil printing

David J. Clements, M. P Y Desmulliez, Eitan Abraham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)


Purpose - The objective of this investigation is the derivation of a mathematical model that describes the pressure characteristics of paste during the stencil printing process. This model is intended to generalise a qualitative understanding of these effects using squeegees that can be curved but otherwise are standard in design. Design/methodology/approach - This is an analytical treatment of the paste behaviour from the foundations of continuity of fluid flow and shear stresses that are imparted by the squeegee blade movement. Findings - An equation is obtained that profiles the pressure generated by the squeegee movement which, for the case of a linear squeegee, shows very good agreement with predicted pressure profiles using experimental data. Practical implications - This model provides a theoretical framework for a better understanding of how to overcome the failure modes inherent in stencil printing, such as over- or under-filled stencil cavities. Originality/value - This is a generalisation of a previously developed mesh printing model. It goes beyond flat squeegee designs to describe the printing process when the blade and stencil are in contact. In addition, it encompasses non-Newtonian fluid behaviour. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-14
Number of pages6
JournalSoldering and Surface Mount Technology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Electronic equipment and components
  • Modelling
  • Pressure
  • Print media
  • Printed circuits


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