The electro-mechanical tensile properties of an engineered cementitious composite

Danah Saraireh, Benny Suryanto, John McCarter, Steven Walls

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
40 Downloads (Pure)


The influence of ongoing cement hydration and multiple microcrack formation on the electrical impedance of an engineered cementitious composite (ECC) is presented. Impedance measurements were obtained over the frequency range 20 Hz-1 MHz and displayed in the Nyquist format. In addition, the permittivity and conductivity were de-embedded from the measured impedance and presented in both time and frequency domains to elucidate the nature of conduction and polarisation processes. It was found that, over a curing period of 90 days, the ECC displayed a classic impedance response. Both conductivity and relative permittivity were found to be frequency dependent due to bulk relaxation processes operating within the composite. Tensile straining was shown to result in a detectable change in the impedance response, but retained a similar overall profile. When presented in the frequency domain, a downward displacement in both conductivity and relative permittivity profiles was evident with increasing tensile strain. It is shown that the relative permittivity at the high-frequency end could be exploited as a potentially useful indicator for strain/damage detection. The influence of microcracking on the piezo-resistive response of the composite is discussed based on crack patterns obtained from both visual observations and digital image correlation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)478-495
Number of pages18
JournalAdvances in Cement Research
Issue number11
Early online date19 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021


  • characterisation techniques
  • composite materials
  • electrical properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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