The effects of co-presence on risk perception and intention to engage in risky behaviors

Mioara Cristea, Patricia Delhomme

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    5 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Introduction This study investigated the relation between co-presence and bicyclists' riding behavior. We assumed that the presence of peer riders would either facilitate or inhibit risky behaviors depending on bicyclists' perceptions of three traffic contexts conducive to risk taking (i.e., red-light, go straight, and turn to left). Method Young bicyclists (N = 207) were randomly assigned to two experimental conditions (alone vs. with peers). They filled in a scenario-based questionnaire about their intentions to adopt risky behaviors in three specific traffic situations as well as their risk perception of these situations and their general self-perceived efficacy as a bicyclist. We hypothesized that the presence of peer riders engaged in a risky behavior will facilitate the intention to adopt risky behaviors in situations where group risk is evaluated as lower than individual risk. In opposition, the presence of peer riders engaged in a risky behavior will inhibit the intention to adopt risky behaviors in situations where group risk is evaluated as higher than individual risk. Results The results confirmed the hypotheses. Practical Applications The findings offer insights for developing new effective education and intervention programs in order to reduce the frequency of dangerous behavior among bicyclists.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)97-103
    Number of pages7
    JournalJournal of Safety Research
    Volume56
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2016

    Keywords

    • Bicyclists
    • Co-presence
    • Risk perception
    • Risk taking
    • Social facilitation

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Psychology(all)

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