Bridges have an important role in impacting the civilization, growth and economy of cities from ancient time until these days due to their function in reducing transportation cost and time. Therefore, development of bridges has been a knowledge domain in civil engineering studies in terms of their types and construction materials to confirm a reliable, safe, economic design and construction. Girder-bridge of concrete deck and I-beam girder has been used widely for short and medium span bridges because of ease and low-cost of fabrication. However, many theoretical and practical investigations are still undertaken regarding the type of beam girder; i.e steel composite or prestressed concrete. This paper evaluates the effect of bridge span and the type of girder on the capital cost and life cycle costs of bridges. Three types of girders were investigated in this research: steel composite, pre-tensioned pre-stressed concrete and post-tensioned pre-stressed concrete. The structural design was analyzed for 5 span lengths: 20, 25, 30, 35 and 40m. Then, the capital construction cost was accounted for 15 bridges according to each span and construction materials. Moreover, the maintenance required for 50 years of bridge life was evaluated and built up as whole life costs for each bridge. As a result of this study, the influence of both span length and type of girder on initial construction cost and maintenance whole life costs were assessed to support the decision makers and designers in the selection process for the optimum solution of girder bridges.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Apr 2017|
|Event||International Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials & Civil Engineering Systems 2017 - University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates|
Duration: 18 Apr 2017 → 20 Apr 2017
|Conference||International Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials & Civil Engineering Systems 2017|
|Country||United Arab Emirates|
|Period||18/04/17 → 20/04/17|
- girder bridges
- steel composite
- pre-stressed concrete
- capital costs
- life cycle costs
Batikha, M., Al Ani, O., & Elhag, T. (2017). The effect of span length and girder type on bridge costs. Paper presented at International Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials & Civil Engineering Systems 2017, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.