A large number of acoustic signals from single lipid-shelled Definity® (Lantheus Medical Imaging, N. Billerica, MA) microbubbles have been measured using a calibrated microacoustic system, and a unique transient characteristic of resonance has been identified in the onset of scatter. Comparison of the numerically obtained response of microbubbles with acoustic measurements provides good agreement for a soft shell that is characterized by small area dilatation modulus and strain softening behavior, and identifies time to maximum radial excursion and scatter as a robust marker of resonance during transient response. As the sound amplitude increases a two-population pattern emerges in the time delay vs the fundamental acoustic scatter plots, consisting of an initial part pertaining to microbubbles with less than resonant rest radii, which corresponds to the weaker second harmonic resonance, and the dominant resonant envelope pertaining to microbubbles with resonant and greater than resonant rest radii, which corresponds to the primary and subharmonic resonances. Consequently, a wider resonant spectrum is observed. It is a result of the strain softening nature of soft lipid shells, based on which the microbubble sizes corresponding to the above resonances decrease as the sound amplitude increases. This bares an impact on the selection of an optimal microbubble size pertaining to subharmonic imaging.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics