The Effect of Printing Orientation on the Mechanical Properties of FDM 3D Printed Parts

Mohd Aidil Nashruffi bin Mohd Khairul Nizam, Khairul Izwan bin Ismail, Tze Chuen Yap*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)
36 Downloads (Pure)


Addictive manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing has a huge potential in building products especially in a fabrication process. Fused deposition modelling is one of AM technologies that rapidly growing due to its ability to fabricate complex geometric parts with lower cost. However, this technique requires further improvement and further investigation due to the shortcomings such as poor surface finish and low mechanical strength. This work is to determine the best printing orientation to print a model for different mechanical properties, namely the tensile strength, impact strength, and hardness. ABS specimens are printed out according to the ASTM D638, ASTM D785, and ASTM D256 standard for each mechanical property. Experiments were conducted to investigate the mechanical properties. Samples printed in YZ (on edge) direction showed better tensile and impact behaviors than samples printed in XY and ZX directions. However, XY-axis (flat) is the best orientation if maximum hardness is the requirement.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnabling Industry 4.0 through Advances in Manufacturing and Materials
Subtitle of host publicationSelected Articles from iM3F 2021
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9789811928901
ISBN (Print)9789811928895
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2022
EventInnovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics and Materials Forum 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 20 Sept 202120 Sept 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering
ISSN (Print)2195-4356
ISSN (Electronic)2195-4364


ConferenceInnovative Manufacturing, Mechatronics and Materials Forum 2021
Abbreviated titleiM3F 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Additive manufacturing
  • Fused deposition modeling
  • Fused filament fabrication
  • Hardness
  • Impact strength
  • Tensile strength
  • 3D printing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'The Effect of Printing Orientation on the Mechanical Properties of FDM 3D Printed Parts'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this