The effect of concentration of tannin-rich bean hulls (Vicia faba L.) on activities of lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) and α-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) in digesta and pancreas and on the digestion of lipid and starch by young chicks

M A Longstaff, J. M. McNab

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The effect of different concentrations of tannin-rich field-bean (Vicia Saba L.) hulls at 0,20,50,150 and 300 g/kg dietary inclusion on the activities of lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) and a-amylase (EC 3.2.1 1) in digesta and pancreas and on the digestion of lipid and starch was studied in 2-3-week-old male broiler chicks. Low dietary concentrations of tannins (20 and 50 g hulls/kg) enhanced the activity of lipase in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 20 g hulls/kg effecting the greatest enhancement, but no stimulatory effect on the activity of digesta a-amylase was observed. High dietary concentrations of tannins (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) inhibited both lipase and a-amylase activities in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 30 g hulls/kg causing the most inhibition. Tannins did not increase the activities of lipase or a-amylase in pancreatic homogenates, but at high concentrations (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) they lowered slightly the pancreatic activity of a-amylase. Nutrient digestion was less influenced by the concentration of tannins than digesta enzyme activities.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)139-147
    Number of pages9
    JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
    Volume66
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - 1991

    Fingerprint

    digesta
    Vicia faba
    alpha-amylase
    amylases
    pancreas
    hulls
    triacylglycerol lipase
    tannins
    beans
    chicks
    digestion
    starch
    lipids
    jejunum
    ileum
    glycosidases
    Vicia
    broiler chickens
    enzyme activity
    nutrients

    Keywords

    • Chick
    • Digestive enzymes
    • Nutrient digestion
    • Tannins

    Cite this

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    title = "The effect of concentration of tannin-rich bean hulls (Vicia faba L.) on activities of lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) and α-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) in digesta and pancreas and on the digestion of lipid and starch by young chicks",
    abstract = "The effect of different concentrations of tannin-rich field-bean (Vicia Saba L.) hulls at 0,20,50,150 and 300 g/kg dietary inclusion on the activities of lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) and a-amylase (EC 3.2.1 1) in digesta and pancreas and on the digestion of lipid and starch was studied in 2-3-week-old male broiler chicks. Low dietary concentrations of tannins (20 and 50 g hulls/kg) enhanced the activity of lipase in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 20 g hulls/kg effecting the greatest enhancement, but no stimulatory effect on the activity of digesta a-amylase was observed. High dietary concentrations of tannins (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) inhibited both lipase and a-amylase activities in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 30 g hulls/kg causing the most inhibition. Tannins did not increase the activities of lipase or a-amylase in pancreatic homogenates, but at high concentrations (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) they lowered slightly the pancreatic activity of a-amylase. Nutrient digestion was less influenced by the concentration of tannins than digesta enzyme activities.",
    keywords = "Chick, Digestive enzymes, Nutrient digestion, Tannins",
    author = "Longstaff, {M A} and McNab, {J. M.}",
    year = "1991",
    language = "English",
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    pages = "139--147",
    journal = "British Journal of Nutrition",
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    TY - JOUR

    T1 - The effect of concentration of tannin-rich bean hulls (Vicia faba L.) on activities of lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) and α-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1) in digesta and pancreas and on the digestion of lipid and starch by young chicks

    AU - Longstaff, M A

    AU - McNab, J. M.

    PY - 1991

    Y1 - 1991

    N2 - The effect of different concentrations of tannin-rich field-bean (Vicia Saba L.) hulls at 0,20,50,150 and 300 g/kg dietary inclusion on the activities of lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) and a-amylase (EC 3.2.1 1) in digesta and pancreas and on the digestion of lipid and starch was studied in 2-3-week-old male broiler chicks. Low dietary concentrations of tannins (20 and 50 g hulls/kg) enhanced the activity of lipase in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 20 g hulls/kg effecting the greatest enhancement, but no stimulatory effect on the activity of digesta a-amylase was observed. High dietary concentrations of tannins (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) inhibited both lipase and a-amylase activities in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 30 g hulls/kg causing the most inhibition. Tannins did not increase the activities of lipase or a-amylase in pancreatic homogenates, but at high concentrations (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) they lowered slightly the pancreatic activity of a-amylase. Nutrient digestion was less influenced by the concentration of tannins than digesta enzyme activities.

    AB - The effect of different concentrations of tannin-rich field-bean (Vicia Saba L.) hulls at 0,20,50,150 and 300 g/kg dietary inclusion on the activities of lipase (EC 3.1.1.3) and a-amylase (EC 3.2.1 1) in digesta and pancreas and on the digestion of lipid and starch was studied in 2-3-week-old male broiler chicks. Low dietary concentrations of tannins (20 and 50 g hulls/kg) enhanced the activity of lipase in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 20 g hulls/kg effecting the greatest enhancement, but no stimulatory effect on the activity of digesta a-amylase was observed. High dietary concentrations of tannins (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) inhibited both lipase and a-amylase activities in digesta from both the jejunum and ileum, the 30 g hulls/kg causing the most inhibition. Tannins did not increase the activities of lipase or a-amylase in pancreatic homogenates, but at high concentrations (150 and 300 g hulls/kg) they lowered slightly the pancreatic activity of a-amylase. Nutrient digestion was less influenced by the concentration of tannins than digesta enzyme activities.

    KW - Chick

    KW - Digestive enzymes

    KW - Nutrient digestion

    KW - Tannins

    M3 - Article

    VL - 66

    SP - 139

    EP - 147

    JO - British Journal of Nutrition

    JF - British Journal of Nutrition

    SN - 0007-1145

    IS - 1

    ER -