The development of a marine natural product-based antifouling paint

J. Grant Burgess, Kenneth G. Boyd, Evelyn Armstrong, Zhong Jiang, Liming Yan, Matz Berggren, Ulrika May, Tony Pisacane, Åke ̊ Granmo, David R. Adams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

171 Citations (Scopus)


Problems with tin and copper antifouling compounds have highlighted the need to develop new environmentally friendly antifouling coatings. Bacteria isolated from living surfaces in the marine environment are a promising source of natural antifouling compounds. Four isolates were used to produce extracts that were formulated into ten water-based paints. All but one of the paints showed activity against a test panel of fouling bacteria. Five of the paints were further tested for their ability to inhibit the settlement of barnacle larvae; Balanus amphitrite, and algal spores of Ulva lactuca, and for their ability to inhibit the growth of U. lactuca. Two paints caused a significant decrease in the number of settled barnacles. One paint containing extract of Pseudomonas sp. strain NUDMB50-11, showed excellent activity in all assays. The antifouling chemicals responsible for the activity of the extract were isolated, using bioassay guided fractionation, and their chemical structures determined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-205
Number of pages9
Issue numberSUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2003


  • Antifouling paint
  • Marine bacteria
  • Natural products


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