The consolidation of retail deliveries: its effect on CO2 emissions

Alan C. McKinnon, Allan Woodburn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Over the past 20 years large British retailers have transformed the system of shop delivery by centralizing inventory at distribution centres and delivering supplies in large consolidated loads. This rationalization of the pattern of delivery receives little mention in retailers' environmental policy statements, despite the fact that it is likely to have reduced emissions of carbon dioxide and other pollutants. This paper assesses the likely effects of the system on CO2 levels and suggests that any reductions upstream of the shop are likely to have been more than offset by the greater use of cars on shopping trips. © 1994.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-136
Number of pages12
JournalTransport Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1994


  • CO 2
  • logistics
  • retailing

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