The ARSQ: The athletes' received support questionnaire

Paul Freeman, Pete Coffee, Tjerk Moll, Tim Rees, Nadine Sammy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To address calls for context-specific measurement of social support, this article reports the development of the Athletes' Received Support Questionnaire (ARSQ) and demonstrates initial evidence for its validity. Across four studies there was support for a four-dimensional structure reflecting emotional, esteem, informational, and tangible received support. There was also support for unidimensional and higher-order models. Further, Study 3 provided some support for convergent validity, with significant correlations between the corresponding dimensions of the ARSQ and the Inventory of Socially Supportive Behaviors. Study 4 provided evidence for the nomological validity of the ARSQ. Emotional and esteem support significantly predicted self-confidence and positive affect, and tangible support significantly moderated the relationship between stress and negative affect. Collectively, these results provide initial evidence for the validity of the ARSQ, and offer researchers flexibility to adopt either a multidimensional or aggregated approach to measuring received support.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-202
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Partial least squares structural equation modeling
  • Social support
  • Sport psychology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

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