The adoption of HIV/AIDS policies and practices in businesses in Botswana: an exploratory study

Otto Eric Gumaelius, Nicolina Kamenou-Aigbekaen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper contributes to an under-researched area through an exploration of the factors motivating the adoption of HIV/AIDS policies and practices in businesses in Botswana. The focus of analysis is a developing country where HIV/AIDS is acknowledged to have had a detrimental impact on its human resources. The objective of this research was to assess whether a voluntary, non-legally binding National Policy on HIV/AIDS is an adequate motivator for the adoption of HIV/AIDS policies in businesses. The study engaged employers and managers across a number of key sectors in Botswana. The findings are explored through a theoretical lens that acknowledges institutional isomorphism and rational economic decision-making as potential motivating factors. The data indicate that the National Policy on HIV/AIDS had motivated certain businesses to adopt such policies, but a variety of other factors were also found to be involved in this process. There was, however, lack of engagement with the National Policy and with issues surrounding HIV/AIDS by a high number of the participating organisations. The research findings reveal the complexity of factors involved in adopting HIV/AIDS policies in a developing country, and therefore provide an insight in an under-researched area. They can serve as a foundation for future research on human resource management policies and practices in relation to HIV/AIDS in African economies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2833-2852
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
Issue number22
Early online date1 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • AIDS
  • Botswana
  • HIV
  • human resource management (HRM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The adoption of HIV/AIDS policies and practices in businesses in Botswana: an exploratory study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this