The adoption of HIV/AIDS policies and practices in businesses in Botswana: an exploratory study

Otto Eric Gumaelius, Nicolina Kamenou-Aigbekaen*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper contributes to an under-researched area through an exploration of the factors motivating the adoption of HIV/AIDS policies and practices in businesses in Botswana. The focus of analysis is a developing country where HIV/AIDS is acknowledged to have had a detrimental impact on its human resources. The objective of this research was to assess whether a voluntary, non-legally binding National Policy on HIV/AIDS is an adequate motivator for the adoption of HIV/AIDS policies in businesses. The study engaged employers and managers across a number of key sectors in Botswana. The findings are explored through a theoretical lens that acknowledges institutional isomorphism and rational economic decision-making as potential motivating factors. The data indicate that the National Policy on HIV/AIDS had motivated certain businesses to adopt such policies, but a variety of other factors were also found to be involved in this process. There was, however, lack of engagement with the National Policy and with issues surrounding HIV/AIDS by a high number of the participating organisations. The research findings reveal the complexity of factors involved in adopting HIV/AIDS policies in a developing country, and therefore provide an insight in an under-researched area. They can serve as a foundation for future research on human resource management policies and practices in relation to HIV/AIDS in African economies.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2833-2852
    Number of pages20
    JournalInternational Journal of Human Resource Management
    Issue number22
    Early online date1 Apr 2015
    Publication statusPublished - 2015


    • AIDS
    • Botswana
    • HIV
    • human resource management (HRM)

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Management of Technology and Innovation
    • Strategy and Management
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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