Textile applications of photochromic dyes. Part 4: application of commercial photochromic dyes as disperse dyes to polyester by exhaust dyeing

Mohanad Aldib, Robert M. Christie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


A series of commercial photochromic dyes was applied to polyester fabric as disperse dyes. The photocoloration properties of the dyed fabrics were investigated by applying techniques previously established in our laboratories using an independent source of ultraviolet irradiation and traditional colour measurement instrumentation. The dyed fabrics showed reversible photochromism, developing pronounced colours from weak background colours on irradiation with ultraviolet light and returning to their original state when the ultraviolet light source was removed. However, the extent of photocoloration and the depth of background colour varied significantly with the particular dye used. The dyeing procedure was optimised by maximising the degree of photocoloration, expressed as the colour difference (Delta E-1) between the colour developed after ultraviolet exposure and background colour, while minimising the background colour, expressed as the colour difference (Delta E-2) between unexposed dyed and undyed fabrics. Optimum dyeing concentrations were determined. The colour development and fading properties, fatigue resistance and storage stability of the dyed fabrics were investigated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-287
Number of pages6
JournalColoration Technology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

Cite this