This work compares the part load techno-economic performance of CO2 capture from a combined cycle gas turbine (CCGT) using a membrane configuration with selective CO2 recycle and using monoethanolamine (MEA) solvent, under the assumption of flexible power plant dispatch. This is the first time that the techno-economic performance of CO2 capture technologies is compared assuming a flexible dispatch profile, and the assessment was done using a comprehensive, new, part load assessment approach. Analyzing the part load performance of CO2 capture and storage (CCS) technologies is relevant because of significant changes in our power systems, dramatically reducing the utilization of thermal power plants. The technical performance of the configurations with and without CCS was simulated at steady state, at operating points between maximum continuous rating (100% gas turbine loading) and minimum stable load (35% gas turbine loading). The performance at these operating points was then aggregated into weighted averages to produce single performance indicators (specific CO2 intensity, specific primary energy per tonne of CO2 avoided (SPECCA), and levelized cost of electricity (LCOE)) over the dispatch profile of the power plant. The technical performance of the MEA configuration was favorable over the membrane configuration over the whole CCGT loading range. The MEA SPECCA increased from 3.02 GJ/(t of CO2) at 100% GT loading to 3.65 GJ/(t of CO2) at 35% GT loading; the membrane SPECCA increased from 3.35 to 4.20 GJ/(t of CO2). The higher SPECCA of the membrane configuration is caused by the reduced gas turbine efficiency, due to the selective recycling of CO2 to the GT. When equal GT efficiency was assumed for combustion with normal air and with CO2 enriched air, the membranes' technical performance was comparable with that of MEA. The capital costs of the CCGT with membrane configuration were 35% higher than the CCGT with MEA configuration. That, and the 6 year replacement frequency of the membranes, led the membrane LCOE to be 10 €/(MW h) higher than the MEA LCOE, when calculated with the part load approach. The membrane LCOE was 8 €/(MW h) higher when a full load was assumed. The new part load approach proved instrumental in highlighting performance (differences) at flexible dispatch conditions and aggregating those into easy to understand performance indicators.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology