Techniques for amplitude to phase conversion of binary holograms

M. R. Taghizadeh, B. Robertson, H. Ichikawa, J. Turunen, A. Vasara, J. Westerholm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper reports briefly on design and fabrication of surface relief grating beamsplitters using advanced plotting techniques such as electron beam lithography. The authors describe techniques for converting these amplitude gratings into phase-only elements hence increasing their diffraction efficiencies to >60%. These techniques include reactive ion-etching of materials such as quartz to fabricate a range of elements, the largest of which is a 201 × 201 grating beamsplitter. Interferometric and non-inferometric holographic techniques have been employed to generate phase-only grating beamsplitters in dichromated gelatin and bleached silver halide holographic plates which has resulted in fabrication of multifunctional, compact and inexpensive components. by exploiting the phase jumps which occur due to reflection at metal/glass boundaries, together with total internal reflection of glass/air interface, a novel and simple technique to generate binary-phase wavefronts directly from an amplitude mask has been developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-300
Number of pages2
JournalProceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume1359
Publication statusPublished - 1990
Event1990 International Topical Meeting on Optical Computing - Kobe, Jpn
Duration: 8 Apr 199012 Apr 1990

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gratings
fabrication
silver halides
glass
plotting
gelatins
masks
lithography
quartz
etching
electron beams
air
diffraction
metals
ions

Cite this

Taghizadeh, M. R., Robertson, B., Ichikawa, H., Turunen, J., Vasara, A., & Westerholm, J. (1990). Techniques for amplitude to phase conversion of binary holograms. Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering, 1359, 299-300.
Taghizadeh, M. R. ; Robertson, B. ; Ichikawa, H. ; Turunen, J. ; Vasara, A. ; Westerholm, J. / Techniques for amplitude to phase conversion of binary holograms. In: Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering. 1990 ; Vol. 1359. pp. 299-300.
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Taghizadeh, MR, Robertson, B, Ichikawa, H, Turunen, J, Vasara, A & Westerholm, J 1990, 'Techniques for amplitude to phase conversion of binary holograms', Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 1359, pp. 299-300.

Techniques for amplitude to phase conversion of binary holograms. / Taghizadeh, M. R.; Robertson, B.; Ichikawa, H.; Turunen, J.; Vasara, A.; Westerholm, J.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 1359, 1990, p. 299-300.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Taghizadeh, M. R.

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AU - Ichikawa, H.

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AU - Westerholm, J.

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Taghizadeh MR, Robertson B, Ichikawa H, Turunen J, Vasara A, Westerholm J. Techniques for amplitude to phase conversion of binary holograms. Proceedings of SPIE - the International Society for Optical Engineering. 1990;1359:299-300.