Team identification and athlete burnout: Testing longitudinal serial mediation via perceived support and stress

Hanna L. Glandorf*, Pete Coffee, Daniel J. Madigan

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Sport participation is associated with exposure to high-stress environments that can lead to the development of athlete burnout. Researchers have, therefore, shown great interest in identifying relevant coping resources. While perceived support has been shown to act as such a coping resource, its effectiveness is likely influenced by other social factors. Following the social identity approach, team identification and stress may be relevant factors. Thus, the present study employed a two-wave longitudinal design to test whether team identification predicts athlete burnout through a serial mediation of perceived support and stress. Online surveys were used to assess team identification, perceived support, stress, and athlete burnout in 176 athletes (Time 1) and 95 athletes (Time 2). Path analyses indicated that team identification did not predict athlete burnout directly or indirectly. However, perceived support significantly and negatively predicted athlete burnout via stress. The results suggest that perceived support may reduce stress, and in turn reduce the risk of athlete burnout development in athletes, but the effects of team identification may occur via alternative pathways.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychology of Sport and Exercise
Early online date12 Sep 2022
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Sep 2022

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