Team Efficacy Profiles: Congruence Predicts Objective Performance of Athlete Pairs

Christine M. Habeeb, Sarah A. Stephen, Robert C. Eklund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Efficacy beliefs targeting personal (self-efficacy), teammates' (other-efficacy), and conjoint (collective efficacy) abilities are each associated with performance of athlete pairs. The purpose of this study was to examine (a) congruence/incongruence of efficacy beliefs between athletes in a pair as a predictor of quality of individual and team performance and (b) quality of performance relative to efficacy congruence at high, moderate, and low levels of efficacy. Eighty-two cheerleading pairs, composed of one base and one flyer, completed questionnaires assessing self-, other, and collective efficacy prior to a national collegiate competition. Individual and team performances were assessed using objective criteria. Polynomial regression analyses indicated that team performance was predicted by congruence of (a) both athletes' collective efficacy beliefs and (b) base self-efficacy and flyer other efficacy. Findings supported that congruence at moderate to high levels of efficacy was associated with better performance relative to incongruent efficacy beliefs across the two athletes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-33
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Issue number1
Early online date2 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • cheerleading
  • collective efficacy
  • dyad
  • other efficacy
  • polynomial regression
  • self-efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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