Synthetic Textile Fibres: Polyolefin, Elastomeric and Acrylic Fibres

R. R. Mather

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This chapter concerns three different types of synthetic fibres: polyolefin, acrylic and elastomeric fibres. In each case, there is a discussion of: the production of the polymer from which the fibre is processed; fibre manufacture; fibre structure; fibre properties and fibre applications. Most of the discussion of polypropylene fibres is devoted to polypropylene, as it is by far the dominant polyolefin fibre commercially. However, gel-spun polyethylene fibres are also considered. In the case of acrylic fibres, particular attention is given to their many variants. Discussion of elastomeric fibres is very largely confined to elastane (Spandex) fibres. The chapter also includes a case study of the many end-uses of polypropylene fibre, yet its limited use in the apparel market. Future trends that each of the three types of fibres may experience, especially with respect to clothing, are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTextiles and Fashion
Subtitle of host publicationMaterials, Design and Technology
PublisherWoodhead Publishing Ltd.
Pages115-138
Number of pages24
Edition1st
ISBN (Print)9781845699314
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Acrylic
  • Elastane
  • Elastomeric
  • Modacrylic
  • Polyethylene
  • Polyolefin
  • Polypropylene

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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  • Cite this

    Mather, R. R. (2014). Synthetic Textile Fibres: Polyolefin, Elastomeric and Acrylic Fibres. In Textiles and Fashion: Materials, Design and Technology (1st ed., pp. 115-138). Woodhead Publishing Ltd.. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-1-84569-931-4.00006-4