Synthesis, thermal, dielectric, and microwave reflection loss properties of nickel oxide filler with natural fiber-reinforced polymer composite

Ahmad F. Ahmad, Zulkifly Abbas, Abdul Halim Shaari, Suzan Jabbar Obaiys, Umar Sa'ad Aliyu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fabrication of hybrid composite of nickel oxide (NiO) combined with oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) reinforced with polycaprolactone (PCL) has been done by using thermal Haake blending machine, which ensured mixture homogeneity. All hybrid composites' characterizations were carried out using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, differential thermogravimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, and scanning electron microscopy. The results showed that the XRD profile patterns of the composites clearly changed as the filler loading amount was increased. Fourier transform infrared spectra illustrated a slight change in the frequencies and positions of the peaks after adding NiO, indicating that some interactions occurred between C=O and O–H or among the fiber, NiO, and PCL. The microwave electromagnetic properties, such as reflection loss (dB), relative complex permittivity (ε r = (Formula presented.) –j (Formula presented.)), and permeability ((Formula presented.) −j (Formula presented.)) were calculated at various microwave frequencies in the X-band (8–12 GHz) range. It was observed that the thermal stability, magnetic, and dielectric properties of NiO:OPEFB:PCL composites were modified significantly with NiO addition. This enables the new hybrid composites to be used as engineering materials in the microwave applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number46998
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Volume136
Issue number7
Early online date16 Oct 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2019

Keywords

  • microwave
  • polycaprolactone
  • polymer composites
  • reflection loss
  • relative complex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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