Synthesis, optical properties, crystal structures and phase behaviour of selectively fluorinated 1,4-bis(4′-pyridylethynyl)benzenes, 4-(phenylethynyl)pyridines and 9,10-bis(4′-pyridylethynyl)-anthracene, and a Zn(NO3)2 coordination polymer

Tolulope M. Fasina, Jonathan C. Collings, Donocadh P. Lydon, David Albesa-Jove, Andrei S. Batsanov, J. A K Howard, Paul Nguyen, Mitch Bruce, Andrew J. Scott, William Clegg, Stephen W. Watt, Christopher Viney, Todd B. Marder

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Abstract

A series of selectively fluorinated and non-fluorinated rigid rods based on the 4-pyridylethynyl group, namely 1,4-bis(4'-pyridylethynyl)benzene (1a), 1,4-bis(4'-pyridylethynyl)tetrafluorobenzene (1b), 1,4-bis(2',3',5',6'-tetrafluoropyridylethynyl)benzene (1c), 1,4-bis(2',3',5',6'-tetrafluoropyridylethynyl) tetrafluorobenzene (1d), 9,10-bis(4'-pyridylethynyl)anthracene (2), 4-(pentafluorophenylethynyl)pyridine (3a) and 4-(phenylethynyl)- tetrafluoropyridine (3b) were prepared in good yields using Pd/Cu-catalysed Sonogashira cross-coupling reactions and/or lithium chemistry involving nucleophilic aromatic substitution. UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectra for 1a-d and 2 are reported. The X-ray crystal structures of 1b, 1c, 2, 3a and 3b show a variety of packing motifs, none of which involve arene-perfluoroarene stacking. The phase behaviour of 1a-1c has been studied by differential thermal analysis and transmitted polarised light microscopy. Compound 1b exhibits an ordered phase between 227.6 and 272.5 °C which is either hexatic B or crystal B. A 1:1 complex (4) between 1b and Zn(NO3)2 has been prepared; its crystal structure consists of zig-zag polymer chains held together by hydrogen bonds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2395-2404
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume14
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Aug 2004

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    Fasina, T. M., Collings, J. C., Lydon, D. P., Albesa-Jove, D., Batsanov, A. S., Howard, J. A. K., Nguyen, P., Bruce, M., Scott, A. J., Clegg, W., Watt, S. W., Viney, C., & Marder, T. B. (2004). Synthesis, optical properties, crystal structures and phase behaviour of selectively fluorinated 1,4-bis(4′-pyridylethynyl)benzenes, 4-(phenylethynyl)pyridines and 9,10-bis(4′-pyridylethynyl)-anthracene, and a Zn(NO3)2 coordination polymer. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 14(15), 2395-2404. https://doi.org/10.1039/b405128a