Synthesis of Functionalized 1,4-Azaborinines by the Cyclization of Di-tert-butyliminoborane and Alkynes

Marius Schäfer, Nicholas Beattie, K. Geetharani, Julian Schäfer, William C. Ewing, Mirjam Krahfuß, Christian Hörl, Rian D. Dewhurst, Stuart Alan Macgregor, Christoph Lambert, Holger Braunschweig

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Di-tert-butyliminoborane is found to be a very useful synthon for the synthesis of a variety of functionalized 1,4-azaborinines by the Rh-mediated cyclization of iminoboranes with alkynes. The reactions proceed via [2+2] cycloaddition of iminoboranes and alkynes in the presence of [{RhCl(PiPr3)2}]2, which gives a rhodium η4-1,2-azaborete complex that yields 1,4-azaborinines upon reaction with acetylene. This reaction is compatible with substrates containing more than one alkynyl unit, cleanly affording compounds containing multiple 1,4-azaborinines. The substitution of terminal alkynes for acetylene also led to 1,4-azaborinines, enabling ring-substitution at a predetermined location. We report the first general synthesis of this new methodology, which allows for highly regioselective access to valuable 1,4-azaborinines in moderate yields. A mechanistic rationale for this reaction is supported by DFT calculations, which show the observed regioselectivity to arise from steric effects in the B-C bond coupling en route to the rhodium η4-1,2-azaborete complex and the selective oxidative cleavage of the B-N bond of the 1,2-azaborete ligand in its subsequent reaction with acetylene.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8212-8220
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number26
Early online date27 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - 6 Jul 2016


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