Synthesis of A Sustainable Sago-Based Value Chain via Fuzzy Optimisation Approach

Jeffrey Hong Seng Chong, Yoke Kin Wan*, Viknesh Andiappan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
43 Downloads (Pure)


Sago starch is one of the staple foods for human, especially in Asia's Region. It can be produced via sago starch extraction process (SSEP). During the SSEP, several types of sago wastes are generated such as sago fiber (SF), sago bark (SB) and sago wastewater (SW). With the increase in production of existing factories and sago mills, the sago industrial practice in waste disposal management is gaining more attention, thus implementation of effective waste management is vital. One of the promising ways to have effective waste management is to create value out of the sago wastes. In a recent study, sago-based refinery, which is a facility to convert sago wastes into value-added products (e.g., bio-ethanol and energy) was found feasible. However, the conversion of other value added products from sago wastes while considering the environmental impact has not been considered in sago value chain. Therefore, an optimum sago value chain, which involved conversion activities of sago wastes into value-added products, is aimed to be synthesised in this work. The optimum sago value chain will be evaluated based on profit and carbon emissions using fuzzy-based optimisation approach via a commercial optimisation software, Lingo 16.0. To illustrate the the developed approach, an industrial case study has been solved in this work.

Original languageEnglish
Article number01004
JournalMATEC Web of Conferences
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2018
Event9th International Engineering Research Conference 2017 - Subang Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 6 Dec 20176 Dec 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)


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