Synthesis, characterisation and reactivity of group 2 complexes with a thiopyridyl scorpionate ligand

Matthew P. Stevens, Emily Spray, Iñigo J. Vitorica-Yrezabal, Kuldip Singh, Vanessa M. Timmermann, Lia Sotorríos, Stuart A. Macgregor, Fabrizio Ortu

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Abstract

Herein we report the reactivity of the proligand tris(2-pyridylthio)methane (HTptm) with various Alkaline Earth (AE) reagents: (1) dialkylmagnesium reagents and (2) AE bis-amides (AE = Mg-Ba). Heteroleptic complexes of general formulae [Mg(Tptm)(R)] (R = Me, nBu; Tptm = {C(S-C5H4N)3}-) and [AE(Tptm)(N'')] (AE = Mg-Ba; N'' = {N(SiMe3)2}-) were targeted from the reaction of HTptm with R2Mg or [AE(N'')2]2. Reaction of the proligand with dialkylmagnesium reagents led to formation of [{Mg(κ3C,N,N-C{Bu}{S-C5H4N}2)(μ-S-C5H4N)}2] (1) and [{Mg(κ3C,N,N-C{Me}{S-C5H4N}2)(μ-OSiMe3)}2] (2) respectively, as a result of a novel transfer of an alkyl group onto the methanide carbon with concomitant C-S bond cleavage. However, reactivity of bis-amide precursors for Mg and Ca did afford the target species [AE(Tptm)(N'')] (3-AE; AE = Mg-Ca), although these proved susceptible to ligand degradation processes. DFT calculations show that alkyl transfer in the putative [Mg(Tptm)(nBu)] (1m') system and amide transfer in 3-Ca is a facile process that induces C-S bond cleavage in the Tptm ligand. 3-Mg and 3-Ca were also tested as catalysts for the hydrophosphination of selected alkenes and alkynes, including the first example of mono-hydrophosphination of 4-ethynylpyridine which was achieved with high conversions and excellent regio- and stereochemical control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11922-11936
Number of pages15
JournalDalton Transactions
Volume51
Issue number31
Early online date15 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2022

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