An extensive series of new LnRuO(3) perovskites has been synthesized at high pressure. These ruthenium(III)-based oxides are ruthenium deficient, and high-pressure samples have compositions close to LnRu(0.9)O(3). These phases stabilize ruthenium(III) which is very unusual in oxides. X-ray and neutron powder diffraction studies show that the materials adopt orthorhombic perovskite superstructures in which the RuO6 octahedra are tetragonally compressed. These distortions, and the Mott insulator properties of the materials, are driven by strong spin-orbit coupling.
- spin-orbit coupling
- X-ray diffraction