Symmetric vertex models on planar random graphs

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We solve a 4-(bond)-vertex model on an ensemble of 3-regular (F3) planar random graphs, which has the effect of coupling the vertex model to 2D quantum gravity. The method of solution, by mapping onto an Ising model in field, is inspired by the solution by Wu of the regular lattice equivalent - a symmetric 8-vertex model on the honeycomb lattice, and also applies to higher valency bond vertex models on random graphs when the vertex weights depend only on bond numbers and not cyclic ordering (the so-called symmetric vertex models). The relations between the vertex weights and Ising model parameters in the 4-vertex model on F3 graphs turn out to be identical to those of the honeycomb lattice model, as is the form of the equation of the Ising critical locus for the vertex weights. A symmetry of the partition function under transformations of the vertex weights, which is fundamental to the solution in both cases, can be understood in the random graph case as a change of integration variable in the matrix integral used to define the model. Finally, we note that vertex models, such as that discussed in this paper, may have a role to play in the discretisation of Lorentzian metric quantum gravity in two dimensions. © 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-18
Number of pages10
JournalPhysics Letters B
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999


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