Sustainable and eco-friendly treatment of pharmaceuticals wastewater

Md. Eman Talukder, Md. Nahid Pervez, Mst. Monira Rahman Mishu, K. M. Faridul Hasan, Faizan Shafiq, Yaping Zhao, Yingjie Cai, Hongchen Song, Md. Ibrahim H. Mondal, George K. Stylios, Vincenzo Naddeo, Afzal Husain Khan, Alberto Figoli

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The demand for sustainable and eco-friendly production and treatment of pharmaceuticals in relation to water is a significant challenge for environmental safety. The pharmaceuticals industry consumes a considerable amount of fresh water and discharges wastewater contaminated with organic and inorganic hazardous molecules, which can be toxic to the ecosystem. Using conventional methods, it is impossible to remove organic molecules and dissolve solids and suspended particles completely from traditional pharmaceutical wastewater (PWW) effluents. Because of this, an effective advanced treatment technology is required to reduce wastewater effluent from the pharmaceutical industry. This chapter summarizes pharmaceutical wastewater effluent characteristics and compares conventional treatment methods with advanced methods to identify the most effective wastewater treatment route. Accordingly, newly proposed treatment methods, such as membrane and membrane-integrated hybrid methods, are demonstrated to be more successful than conventional methods, and their sustainable and eco-friendly benefits are highlighted for treating wastewater in the pharmaceutical industry.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Treatment of Pharmaceutical Wastewater
Subtitle of host publicationInnovative Technologies and the Adaptation of Treatment Systems
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9780323991605
Publication statusPublished - 2023


  • Eco-friendly
  • Membrane process
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Sustainable
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Environmental Science


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