Surface Water Data Collection and Processing

Chandra S. P. Ojha, A. K. Lohani, Adebayo Adeloye, Sanjay Kumar Jain, Rabee Rustum

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


This chapter provides insight into collecting and properly processing hydrometeorological data and putting the raw data into a usable form. Rainfall is the major input of water to the earth’s hydrological cycle, and its measurement and analysis are critical for water resources investigation. The chapter considers various methods for measuring rainfall and common analyses for deriving useful information from the collected rainfall data. It also focuses on field measurements of rainfall and covers the use of remote sensing for rainfall measurement. To measure rainfall, the following instruments are used: standard rain gauge, syphon rain gauge, and tipping bucket rain gauge. Most analyses carried out on rainfall data are shared with streamflow analyses. The chapter further focuses on some analyses methods that are specific to streamflow.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSustainable Water Resources Management
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9780784480908
ISBN (Print)9780784414767
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2017


  • hydrometeorological data
  • Rainfall
  • hydrological cycle
  • water resources
  • rain gauge
  • self-organising map

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Mathematics(all)


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