Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces

Alexander Rosu-Finsen, Demian Marchione, Ali Ghith Moussa Abdulgalil, John Thrower, Mark P. Collings, Martin R. S. McCoustra

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This paper will describe recent laboratory studies of relevence to understanding the structure and behaviour of icy grains in a variety of astrophysical environments. We will report on two sets of experimental observations; (1) diffusion of water on silica nanoparticle films, and (2) highly efficient desorption of benzene promoted by electronic excitation of water ice. In (1), we will show evidence for thermally-activated water diffusion at temperatures as low as 18 K using reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) to probe the OH stretch of adsorbed water molecules and clusters model silica surfaces. We will also present evidence that the diffusion is barrierless at tempertures above 23 K. For (2), we will demonstrate how mass spectrometric measurements reveal efficient benzene desorption from water ice surfaces irradiated by low (<500 eV) energy electron. We will conclude by considering the impact of these observations on icy grain models.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAbstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Publication statusPublished - 24 Aug 2016
Event252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition - Philadelphia, United States
Duration: 21 Aug 201625 Aug 2016

Conference

Conference252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CityPhiladelphia
Period21/08/1625/08/16

Fingerprint

chemistry
physics
water
ice
desorption
benzene
silicon dioxide
astrophysics
absorption spectroscopy
infrared spectroscopy
electron energy
nanoparticles
probes
electronics
excitation
molecules
temperature

Cite this

Rosu-Finsen, A., Marchione, D., Abdulgalil, A. G. M., Thrower, J., Collings, M. P., & McCoustra, M. R. S. (2016). Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces. In Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition [PHYS 273] American Chemical Society.
Rosu-Finsen, Alexander ; Marchione, Demian ; Abdulgalil, Ali Ghith Moussa ; Thrower, John ; Collings, Mark P. ; McCoustra, Martin R. S. / Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces. Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition. American Chemical Society, 2016.
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title = "Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces",
abstract = "This paper will describe recent laboratory studies of relevence to understanding the structure and behaviour of icy grains in a variety of astrophysical environments. We will report on two sets of experimental observations; (1) diffusion of water on silica nanoparticle films, and (2) highly efficient desorption of benzene promoted by electronic excitation of water ice. In (1), we will show evidence for thermally-activated water diffusion at temperatures as low as 18 K using reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) to probe the OH stretch of adsorbed water molecules and clusters model silica surfaces. We will also present evidence that the diffusion is barrierless at tempertures above 23 K. For (2), we will demonstrate how mass spectrometric measurements reveal efficient benzene desorption from water ice surfaces irradiated by low (<500 eV) energy electron. We will conclude by considering the impact of these observations on icy grain models.",
author = "Alexander Rosu-Finsen and Demian Marchione and Abdulgalil, {Ali Ghith Moussa} and John Thrower and Collings, {Mark P.} and McCoustra, {Martin R. S.}",
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booktitle = "Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition",
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Rosu-Finsen, A, Marchione, D, Abdulgalil, AGM, Thrower, J, Collings, MP & McCoustra, MRS 2016, Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces. in Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition., PHYS 273, American Chemical Society, 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition, Philadelphia, United States, 21/08/16.

Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces. / Rosu-Finsen, Alexander; Marchione, Demian; Abdulgalil, Ali Ghith Moussa; Thrower, John; Collings, Mark P.; McCoustra, Martin R. S.

Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition. American Chemical Society, 2016. PHYS 273.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces

AU - Rosu-Finsen, Alexander

AU - Marchione, Demian

AU - Abdulgalil, Ali Ghith Moussa

AU - Thrower, John

AU - Collings, Mark P.

AU - McCoustra, Martin R. S.

PY - 2016/8/24

Y1 - 2016/8/24

N2 - This paper will describe recent laboratory studies of relevence to understanding the structure and behaviour of icy grains in a variety of astrophysical environments. We will report on two sets of experimental observations; (1) diffusion of water on silica nanoparticle films, and (2) highly efficient desorption of benzene promoted by electronic excitation of water ice. In (1), we will show evidence for thermally-activated water diffusion at temperatures as low as 18 K using reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) to probe the OH stretch of adsorbed water molecules and clusters model silica surfaces. We will also present evidence that the diffusion is barrierless at tempertures above 23 K. For (2), we will demonstrate how mass spectrometric measurements reveal efficient benzene desorption from water ice surfaces irradiated by low (<500 eV) energy electron. We will conclude by considering the impact of these observations on icy grain models.

AB - This paper will describe recent laboratory studies of relevence to understanding the structure and behaviour of icy grains in a variety of astrophysical environments. We will report on two sets of experimental observations; (1) diffusion of water on silica nanoparticle films, and (2) highly efficient desorption of benzene promoted by electronic excitation of water ice. In (1), we will show evidence for thermally-activated water diffusion at temperatures as low as 18 K using reflection-absorption infrared spectroscopy (RAIRS) to probe the OH stretch of adsorbed water molecules and clusters model silica surfaces. We will also present evidence that the diffusion is barrierless at tempertures above 23 K. For (2), we will demonstrate how mass spectrometric measurements reveal efficient benzene desorption from water ice surfaces irradiated by low (<500 eV) energy electron. We will conclude by considering the impact of these observations on icy grain models.

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition

PB - American Chemical Society

ER -

Rosu-Finsen A, Marchione D, Abdulgalil AGM, Thrower J, Collings MP, McCoustra MRS. Surface Science Investigations of Physics and Chemistry at Icy Interfaces. In Abstracts of the 252nd American Chemical Society National Meeting and Exposition. American Chemical Society. 2016. PHYS 273