Surface roughness and cutting forces in cryogenic turning of carbon stee

Tze Chuen Yap*, Sivaraos, C. S. Lim, J. W. Leau

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of cryogenic liquid nitrogen on surface roughness, cutting forces, and friction coefficient of the machined surface when machining of carbon steel S45C in wet, dry and cryogenic condition was studied through experiments. The experimental results show that machining with liquid nitrogen increases the cutting forces, reduces the friction coefficient, and improves the chips produced. Beside this, conventional machining with cutting fluid is still the most suitable method to produce good surface in high speed machining of carbon steel S45C whereas dry machining produced best surface roughness in low speed machining. Cryogenic machining is not able to replace conventional cutting fluid in turning carbon steel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)911-920
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015


  • Cryogenic machining
  • Cutting forces
  • Friction coefficient
  • Surface roughness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)


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