Superconductivity in Ca-doped graphene laminates

J. Chapman, Y. Su, C. A. Howard, Dmytro Kundys, A. N. Grigorenko, F. Guinea, A. K. Geim, I. V. Grigorieva, R. R. Nair

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Abstract

Despite graphene's long list of exceptional electronic properties and many theoretical predictions regarding the possibility of superconductivity in graphene, its direct and unambiguous experimental observation has not been achieved. We searched for superconductivity in weakly interacting, metal decorated graphene crystals assembled into so-called graphene laminates, consisting of well separated and electronically decoupled graphene crystallites. We report robust superconductivity in all Ca-doped graphene laminates. They become superconducting at temperatures (T-c) between approximate to 4 and approximate to 6 K, with T-c's strongly dependent on the confinement of the Ca layer and the induced charge carrier concentration in graphene. We find that Ca is the only dopant that induces superconductivity in graphene laminates above 1.8 K among several dopants used in our experiments, such as potassium, caesium and lithium. By revealing the tunability of the superconducting response through doping and confinement of the metal layer, our work shows that achieving superconductivity in free-standing, metal decorated monolayer graphene is conditional on an optimum confinement of the metal layer and sufficient doping, thereby bringing its experimental realization within grasp.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23254
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • GRAPHITE
  • C6CA

Cite this

Chapman, J., Su, Y., Howard, C. A., Kundys, D., Grigorenko, A. N., Guinea, F., Geim, A. K., Grigorieva, I. V., & Nair, R. R. (2016). Superconductivity in Ca-doped graphene laminates. Scientific Reports, 6, [23254]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23254