New communications systems require high-speed data transfer and need high frequency, wideband, and directive antennas. Leaky-wave antennas are a desirable type of antennas for millimeter and submillimeter waves, since they can produce a high directive radiation with a single feeding. The latter is an enormous advantage to reducing the cost and losses at high frequency. Despite these advantages, their dispersive nature inherently produces a beam squint effect in their radiation patterns. Here, we propose the use of a lens that compensates for the dispersion of the leaky wave, making the overall antenna broadband. This concept is demonstrated in substrate integrated waveguide technology at Ka-band, and the lens is integrated in the same technology. Full-wave simulations and experimental results are presented to demonstrate the potential of our proposal. Our manufactured prototype has more than 20% frequency bandwidth for the 3-dB pattern at φ = 31°, and the main radiating direction steers only ±0.5° from 35 to 40 GHz with a half-power beamwidth of 8°.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
|Early online date||5 Apr 2018|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 2018|