Subsampling and other considerations for efficient risk estimation in large portfolios

Michael B. Giles, Abdul-Lateef Haji-Ali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
22 Downloads (Pure)


Computing risk measures of a financial portfolio comprising thousands of derivatives is a challenging problem both because it involves a nested expectation requiring multiple evaluations of the loss of the financial portfolio for different risk scenarios and because evaluating the loss of the portfolio is expensive and the cost increases with portfolio size. We apply multilevel Monte Carlo simulation with adaptive inner sampling to this problem and discuss several practical considerations. In particular, we discuss a subsampling strategy whose computational complexity does not increase with the size of the portfolio. We also discuss several control variates that significantly improve the efficiency of multilevel Monte Carlo in our setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-140
Number of pages28
JournalJournal of Computational Finance
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022


  • control variates
  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • multilevel Monte Carlo simulation
  • nested simulation
  • risk estimation
  • variance reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics


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