Subcellular components of probiotics Kocuria SM1 and Rhodococcus SM2 induce protective immunity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against Vibrio anguillarum

S. M. Sharifuzzaman, A. Abbass, J. W. Tinsley, B. Austin

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    41 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The efficacy of cellular components of probiotics Kocuria SM1 and Rhodococcus SM2 to protect rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss, Walbaum) against vibriosis was assessed. Groups of fish (average weight = 10-15 g) were immunized intraperitoneally (i.p.) with 0.1 ml of subcellular materials, i.e., 0.2 ± 0.05 mg protein per fish, comprising extracellular proteins (ECPs), cell wall proteins (CWPs) and whole cell proteins (WCPs) of SM1 and SM2, respectively, or with 0.1 ml of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) to serve as the control. Seven days after administration, fish from each group were challenged i.p. with 0.1 ml of a suspension in PBS of 3 × 105 cells ml-1 per fish of Vibrio anguillarum. Use of CWPs and WCPs demonstrated significantly (P < 0.05) better protection against V. anguillarum insofar as mortalities were reduced to 11-17% [relative percent survival (RPS) = 80-87%], although ECPs fared less well (mortalities = 33-38%; RPS = 56-62%; P > 0.05), compared to 86% mortalities of the controls. The mode of action reflected activation of innate immune factors by CWPs and WCPs, demonstrating significantly (P < 0.05) increased expression of respiratory burst (optical density; OD550nm) from 0.039 to 0.043-0.045, peroxidase (OD550nm) from 0.26 to 0.37-0.55, and bacterial killing activities (i.e., percentage of surviving bacteria reduced from 79% to 56-57% for SM2). Moreover, an elevation of leucocyte number (from 1.93% to 1.98-2.93%; P > 0.05) and immunoglubolin level (from 27 mg ml-1 to 28.5-33 mg ml-1; P > 0.05) were observed with the experimental groups. These results indicate that cell components of the probiotics stimulate an immune response. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)347-353
    Number of pages7
    JournalFish and Shellfish Immunology
    Volume30
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2011

    Keywords

    • Cell components
    • Innate immunity
    • Probiotics
    • Rainbow trout
    • Vibrio anguillarum

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