Students-as-customers’ satisfaction, predictive retention with marketing implications: The case of Malaysian higher education business students

Stephen Carter*, Amy Chu May Yeo

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    36 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate two areas of interest: first, to determine business student customer satisfiers that could be contributors to students’ current and predicted retention in a higher educational institution (HEI) and second, to use these satisfiers to inform HEI marketing planning. Design/methodology/approach – The survey used 10 per cent of the sampling frame from the faculty total business students population. Descriptive statistics and correlation were employed to describe and measure the relationship between the teaching and non-teaching antecedents of student satisfaction and their five constructs (academic experience, teaching quality, campus life, facilities and placement support) and current and intended retention. Standard multiple regressions were run to measure the β and significant values of the composite variables as stated. Findings – Quantitative results revealed that students were most satisfied with academic experience and it was also the most dominant predictor of students’ retention. Other elements such as quality teaching, facilities and internship, though important for student satisfaction, were not predictors of retention. Research limitations/implications – Findings based on one Malaysian institution could not be used as a representation of other institutions either locally or internationally. Practical implications – Suggestions are made as to how HEIs can defend and safeguard their existing and future position by giving maximum attention to both “hard” and “soft” student satisfiers which would add customer value and strengthen their competitive position. Originality/value – Based on teaching and non-teaching antecedents and constructs, enable HEIs to predict retention and so inform marketing planning in a highly competitive higher education environment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)635-652
    Number of pages18
    JournalInternational Journal of Educational Management
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


    • Intended retention
    • Malaysia
    • Marketing
    • Student satisfaction

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


    Dive into the research topics of 'Students-as-customers’ satisfaction, predictive retention with marketing implications: The case of Malaysian higher education business students'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this