Structure, microstructure and physical properties of ZnO based materials in various forms: bulk, thin film and nano

Shubra Singh, P. Thiyagarajan, K. Mohan Kant, Anitha Devadoss, S. Thirupathiah, N. Rama, Brajesh Tiwari, M. Kottaisamy, M. S. Ramachandra Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

160 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ZnO is a unique material that offers about a dozen different application possibilities. In spite of the fact that the ZnO lattice is amenable to metal ion doping (3d and 4f), the physics of doping in ZnO is not completely understood. This paper presents a review of previous research works on ZnO and also highlights results of our research activities on ZnO. The review pertains to the work on Al and Mg doping for conductivity and band gap tuning in ZnO followed by a report on transition metal (TM) ion doped ZnO. This review also highlights the work on the transport and optical studies of TM ion doped ZnO, nanostructured growth (ZnO polycrystalline and thin films) by different methods and the formation of unique nano- and microstructures obtained by pulsed laser deposition and chemical methods. This is followed by results on ZnO encapsulated Fe3O4 nanoparticles that show promising trends suitable for various applications. We have also reviewed the non-linear characteristic studies of ZnO based heterostructures followed by an analysis on the work carried out on ZnO based phosphors, which include mainly the nanocrystalline ZnO encapsulated SiO2, a new class of phosphor that is suitable for white light emission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6312-6327
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Volume40
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2007

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