Structural behaviour of steel plate infilled outrigger wall system

Alaa Elesawy, Mustafa Batikha

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


The resistance of lateral loads is historically the main challenge in tall buildings. Structural engineers always strive to find a redundant lateral resisting system that provides the required structural resistance, unleashes the architectural expression, optimizes the quantities and improves the constructability. Because of the increased stiffness together with the overturning resistance they provide and being a cost-effective solution, the outrigger systems are very efficient against the lateral loads in tall buildings. Conventionally, steel truss and reinforced concrete walls are used in the design and construction of outrigger systems. In this study, a steel infill plate connected to a reinforced concrete frame was investigated as an effective outrigger structural system in order to increase the initial stiffness and the load-carrying capacity and improve the ductility of the outrigger systems. Numerical Finite Element (FE) method using Geometrically and Materially Non-linear Analysis with Imperfection (GMNIA) was conducted in this study. In addition, the numerical analysis results were verified by the experimental results. As a result of this research, the ductility, strength and initial stiffness of the steel plate-infilled outrigger were extremely improved than that of the traditional outrigger truss system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResilient technologies for sustainable infrastructure
EditorsAnthony Abu
Place of PublicationZurich, Switzerland
PublisherInternational Association for Bridge and Structural Engineering
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9783857481703
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021
EventIABSE Congress 2020: Resilient technologies for sustainable infrastructure - Christchurch, Christchurch, New Zealand
Duration: 3 Feb 20215 Feb 2021


ConferenceIABSE Congress 2020
Country/TerritoryNew Zealand
Internet address


  • Finite Element
  • High-rise buildings
  • Outrigger
  • RC Wall
  • Steel Plate
  • Steel Truss
  • Structural Analysis
  • Structural System

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Management of Technology and Innovation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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