Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5

J. J. Barnett, J. T. Houghton, C. G. Morgan, D. R. Pick, C. D. Rodgers, E. J. Williamson, M. J. Cross, D. Flower, G. Peckham, S. D. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

EXPERIMENTS using both infrared and microwave radiometers have been developed for the Nimbus series of satellites1,2. Selective chopper radiometers (SCR) for Nimbus 4 and Nimbus 5 incorporate cells containing carbon dioxide gas to accomplish the narrow-band filtering, thereby achieving a very high effective spectral resolution - of the order of the width of the absorption lines themselves. By this means emission from levels in the atmosphere as high as 45 km can be selected. The first SCR on Nimbus 4, which was six channels in the 15 µm CO2 band3,4, has worked successfully for more than 3 yr; data from it have provided the first global maps of stratospheric temperature at these high levels5-7, and stratospheric warmings have been identified8,9. © 1973 Nature Publishing Group.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-143
Number of pages3
JournalNature
Volume245
Issue number5421
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1973

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radiometer
microwave radiometer
spectral resolution
warming
carbon dioxide
atmosphere
gas
temperature

Cite this

Barnett, J. J., Houghton, J. T., Morgan, C. G., Pick, D. R., Rodgers, C. D., Williamson, E. J., ... Smith, S. D. (1973). Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5. Nature, 245(5421), 141-143. https://doi.org/10.1038/245141a0
Barnett, J. J. ; Houghton, J. T. ; Morgan, C. G. ; Pick, D. R. ; Rodgers, C. D. ; Williamson, E. J. ; Cross, M. J. ; Flower, D. ; Peckham, G. ; Smith, S. D. / Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5. In: Nature. 1973 ; Vol. 245, No. 5421. pp. 141-143.
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title = "Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5",
abstract = "EXPERIMENTS using both infrared and microwave radiometers have been developed for the Nimbus series of satellites1,2. Selective chopper radiometers (SCR) for Nimbus 4 and Nimbus 5 incorporate cells containing carbon dioxide gas to accomplish the narrow-band filtering, thereby achieving a very high effective spectral resolution - of the order of the width of the absorption lines themselves. By this means emission from levels in the atmosphere as high as 45 km can be selected. The first SCR on Nimbus 4, which was six channels in the 15 µm CO2 band3,4, has worked successfully for more than 3 yr; data from it have provided the first global maps of stratospheric temperature at these high levels5-7, and stratospheric warmings have been identified8,9. {\circledC} 1973 Nature Publishing Group.",
author = "Barnett, {J. J.} and Houghton, {J. T.} and Morgan, {C. G.} and Pick, {D. R.} and Rodgers, {C. D.} and Williamson, {E. J.} and Cross, {M. J.} and D. Flower and G. Peckham and Smith, {S. D.}",
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Barnett, JJ, Houghton, JT, Morgan, CG, Pick, DR, Rodgers, CD, Williamson, EJ, Cross, MJ, Flower, D, Peckham, G & Smith, SD 1973, 'Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5', Nature, vol. 245, no. 5421, pp. 141-143. https://doi.org/10.1038/245141a0

Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5. / Barnett, J. J.; Houghton, J. T.; Morgan, C. G.; Pick, D. R.; Rodgers, C. D.; Williamson, E. J.; Cross, M. J.; Flower, D.; Peckham, G.; Smith, S. D.

In: Nature, Vol. 245, No. 5421, 1973, p. 141-143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5

AU - Barnett, J. J.

AU - Houghton, J. T.

AU - Morgan, C. G.

AU - Pick, D. R.

AU - Rodgers, C. D.

AU - Williamson, E. J.

AU - Cross, M. J.

AU - Flower, D.

AU - Peckham, G.

AU - Smith, S. D.

PY - 1973

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N2 - EXPERIMENTS using both infrared and microwave radiometers have been developed for the Nimbus series of satellites1,2. Selective chopper radiometers (SCR) for Nimbus 4 and Nimbus 5 incorporate cells containing carbon dioxide gas to accomplish the narrow-band filtering, thereby achieving a very high effective spectral resolution - of the order of the width of the absorption lines themselves. By this means emission from levels in the atmosphere as high as 45 km can be selected. The first SCR on Nimbus 4, which was six channels in the 15 µm CO2 band3,4, has worked successfully for more than 3 yr; data from it have provided the first global maps of stratospheric temperature at these high levels5-7, and stratospheric warmings have been identified8,9. © 1973 Nature Publishing Group.

AB - EXPERIMENTS using both infrared and microwave radiometers have been developed for the Nimbus series of satellites1,2. Selective chopper radiometers (SCR) for Nimbus 4 and Nimbus 5 incorporate cells containing carbon dioxide gas to accomplish the narrow-band filtering, thereby achieving a very high effective spectral resolution - of the order of the width of the absorption lines themselves. By this means emission from levels in the atmosphere as high as 45 km can be selected. The first SCR on Nimbus 4, which was six channels in the 15 µm CO2 band3,4, has worked successfully for more than 3 yr; data from it have provided the first global maps of stratospheric temperature at these high levels5-7, and stratospheric warmings have been identified8,9. © 1973 Nature Publishing Group.

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DO - 10.1038/245141a0

M3 - Article

VL - 245

SP - 141

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JO - Nature

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SN - 0028-0836

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Barnett JJ, Houghton JT, Morgan CG, Pick DR, Rodgers CD, Williamson EJ et al. Stratospheric observations from nimbus 5. Nature. 1973;245(5421):141-143. https://doi.org/10.1038/245141a0