Strategy-switching in the gaffing bat

V L G Todd, D. A. Waters

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    Foraging in Daubenton's bats Myotis daubentonii, at two altitudinal locations along a river gradient in North Wales was investigated in relation to aerial insect density and to the density of prey on the water surface. Prey capture in Daubenton's bats consisted of aerial hawking, where prey was taken in the air, and trawling, where bats gaffed invertebrates from the water surface. Aerial hawking accounted for 86% of all prey capture attempts, despite aerial insect availability falling close to zero for much of the night. Conversely, prey density on the water surface was an order of magnitude higher than aerial prey density and increased through the night due to aquatic invertebrate drift. At the higher altitude site, M. daubentonii switched prey capture strategy to gaffing, possibly to reflect this change in prey availability on the water's surface, but at the lower altitude site, they maintained aerial hawking as the preferred strategy. The switch to gaffing may be inhibited by the significant downstream accumulation of large numbers of inedible exuviae of caddis flies, Trichoptera, at the low-altitude site, which form both acoustic clutter and increase the probability of capturing inedible prey, making foraging less efficient. These small altitudinal differences in foraging strategy should be factored into the design of future altitudinal bat foraging studies and if found to be a widespread strategy, taken into consideration by conservation planners when reviewing the habitat requirements of Daubenton's bats in river valleys within the United Kingdom. © 2007 The Authors.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)106-113
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Zoology
    Volume273
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2007

    Fingerprint

    Chiroptera
    foraging
    Trichoptera
    insects
    rivers
    aquatic invertebrates
    Myotis
    water
    Wales
    integument
    United Kingdom
    acoustics
    valleys
    invertebrates
    air
    habitats

    Keywords

    • Altitude
    • Drift
    • Foraging
    • Insects
    • Myotis daubentonii
    • Riparian
    • Strategy

    Cite this

    Todd, V L G ; Waters, D. A. / Strategy-switching in the gaffing bat. In: Journal of Zoology. 2007 ; Vol. 273, No. 1. pp. 106-113.
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    Strategy-switching in the gaffing bat. / Todd, V L G; Waters, D. A.

    In: Journal of Zoology, Vol. 273, No. 1, 09.2007, p. 106-113.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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