Status of the effectiveness of contact lens solutions against keratitis-causing pathogens

Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Sahreena Lakhundi, Naveed Ahmed Khan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose
The aim of this study was to assess the antimicrobial effects of marketed contact lens disinfecting solutions.

Methods
Using ISO 14729 Stand-Alone Test for disinfecting solutions, bactericidal, fungicidal and amoebicidal assays of eight different contact lens solutions including: ReNu MultiPlus, DuraPlus, Ultimate Plus, OptiFree Express, Kontex Clean, Kontex Normal, Kontex Multisol extra+, Kontex Soak were performed. The efficacy of contact lens solutions was determined against keratitis-causing microbes, namely: Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia marcescens, Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Fusarium solani and Acanthamoeba castellanii.

Results
The results revealed that ReNu MultiPlus, DuraPlus and OptiFree Express were effective in killing bacterial and fungal pathogens as per manufacturer's minimum recommended disinfection time. Ultimate Plus was effective against F. solani and MRSA but ineffective against P. aeruginosa, S. marcescens and S. aureus. Of concern however, is that none of the locally formulated contact lens disinfecting solutions from Pakistan, i.e., Kontex Clean, Kontex Normal, Kontex Multisol extra+ and Kontex Soak were effective against any of the keratitis-causing organisms tested. All eight contact lens disinfecting solutions were unable to destroy Acanthamoeba cysts.

Conclusions
Because such ineffective contact lens disinfection solutions present a major risk to public health, these findings are of great concern to the health officials and to the manufacturers of the contact lens disinfection solutions and effective solutions are needed, along with emphasis on proper hygiene for contact lens care and special guidelines for developing countries regarding the manufacture and storage of contact lens disinfecting solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-38
Number of pages5
JournalContact Lens & Anterior Eye
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2015

Keywords

  • Microbial keratitis
  • Contact lens
  • Cleaning solution

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