State-of-the-art in terahertz sensing for food and water security – A comprehensive review

Aifeng Ren, Adnan Zahid, Fan Dou, Xiaodong Yang, Muhammad Ali Imran, Akram Alomainy, Qammer H. Abbasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Citations (Scopus)
375 Downloads (Pure)


Recently, there has been a dramatic change in the field of terahertz (THz) technology. The recent advancements in the THz radiation sector considering generation, manipulation and detection have brought revolution in this field, which enable the integration of THz sensing systems into real-world. The THz technology presents detection techniques and various issues, while providing significant opportunities for sensing food and water contamination detection.

Scope and approach
Many researchers around the world have exploited the potential of invaluable new applications of THz sensing ranging from surveillance, healthcare and recently for food and water contamination detection. The microbial pollution in water and food is one the crucial issues with regard to the sanitary state for drinking water and daily consumption of food. To address this risk, the detection of microbial contamination is of utmost importance, since the consumption of insanitary or unhygienic food can lead to catastrophic illness.

Key findings and conclusions
This paper presents a first-time review of the open literature covering the advances in the THz sensing for microbiological contamination of food and water, in addition to state-of-the-art in network architectures, applications and recent industrial developments. With unique superiority, the THz non-destructive detection technology in food inspection and water contamination detection is emerging as a new area of study. With the great progress, some important challenges and future research directions are presented within the field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-251
Number of pages11
JournalTrends in Food Science and Technology
Early online date30 Jan 2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


Dive into the research topics of 'State-of-the-art in terahertz sensing for food and water security – A comprehensive review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this