Staphylococcus aureus phenol-soluble modulins impair interleukin expression in bovine mammary epithelial cells

Martine Deplanche, Ludmila Alekseeva, Ksenia Semenovskaya, Chih-Lung Fu, Frederic Dessauge, Laurence Finot, Wolfram Petzl, Holm Zerbe, Yves Le Loir, Pascal Rainard, David Ge Smith, Pierre Germon, Michael Otto, Nadia Berkova

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    12 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    The role of the recently-described interleukin-32 in Staphylococcus aureus-induced mastitis, an inflammation of the mammary gland, is unclear. We determined expression of IL-32, IL-6 and IL-8 in S. aureus- as compared to E.coli (Escherichia coli)-infected bovine mammary gland epithelial cells. Using live bacteria we found that in S. aureus-infected cells, induction of IL-6 and IL-8 expression was less pronounced than in E. coli-infected cells. Notably, IL-32 expression was decreased in S. aureus-infected cells, while it was increased in E. coli-infected cells. We identified the staphylococcal phenol-soluble modulin (PSM) peptides as key contributors to these effects, as IL-32, IL-6 and IL-8 expression by epithelial cells exposed to psm mutant strains was significantly increased as compared to cells exposed to the isogenic S. aureus wild-type strain, indicating that PSMs inhibit the production of these interleukins. The use of genetically complemented strains confirmed this observation. Inasmuch as the decreased expression of IL-32, which is involved in dendritic cell maturation, impairs immune responses, our results support a PSM-dependent mechanism that allows for the development of chronic S aureus-related mastitis.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1682-1692
    Number of pages11
    JournalInfection and Immunity
    Volume84
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016

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