Stakeholder interactions of government intervention in construction and demolition waste recycling market: A game theory approach

Yangyue Su, Yabing Xu, Zhikang Bao*, S. Thomas Ng, Qun Gao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Downloads (Pure)


To acquire an in-depth understanding on how government intervention affects C&DW recycling market, this study develops four game models consisting of three main categories of stakeholders, e.g., the government, contractors, and C&DW receivers (recycling enterprises and landfills) to reveal stakeholder interactions of government intervention. Taking China's C&DW recycling market as an example, four different scenarios are established to examine and compare the effects of government intervention policies on C&DW recycling, illegal dumping, and stakeholder profits. Finally, numerical simulations are performed to gain further insights into the impact of government intervention on stakeholders' behaviors with a case study from Shenzhen, China. Results indicate: (1) government intervention policies can always lead to an increased amount of C&DW recycled and a reduced amount of C&DW illegally dumped compared to no any measure; (2) government subsidy can improve the market competitiveness of recycling enterprises and weaken the competitiveness of landfills. Both subsidy-only and subsidy-plus-penalty policies help reduce economic burden on contractors compared to no interventions, but penalty policy increases contractors' expenditures. Finally, penalty policy can significantly reduce the amount of illegally dumped C&DW, while subsidy policy can significantly increase the amount of recycled C&DW. This study provides valuable theoretical support and practical guidance for decision-making of governments in developing economies to develop C&DW recycling by formulating targeted intervention policies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100391
JournalDevelopments in the Built Environment
Early online date7 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • C&DW recycling
  • Construction and demolition waste
  • Game models
  • Government intervention
  • Stakeholder interactions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


Dive into the research topics of 'Stakeholder interactions of government intervention in construction and demolition waste recycling market: A game theory approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this