Staggered ground states in an optical lattice

Dean Johnstone, Niclas Westerberg, Callum W. Duncan, Patrik Öhberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
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Nonstandard Bose-Hubbard models can exhibit rich ground-state phase diagrams, even when considering the one-dimensional limit. Using a self-consistent Gutzwiller diagonalization approach, we study the mean-field ground-state properties of a long-range interacting atomic gas in a one-dimensional optical lattice. We first confirm that the inclusion of long-range two-body interactions to the standard Bose-Hubbard model introduces density-wave and supersolid phases. However, the introduction of pair and density-dependent tunneling can result in new phases with two-site periodic density, single-particle transport, and two-body transport order parameters. These staggered phases are potentially a mean-field signature of the known novel twisted superfluids found via a density-matrix renormalization group approach [Phys. Rev. A 94, 011603(R) (2016)2469-992610.1103/PhysRevA.94.011603]. We also observe other unconventional phases which are characterized by sign staggered order parameters between adjacent lattice sites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043614
JournalPhysical Review A
Issue number4
Early online date24 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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