Spin-chain correlations in the frustrated triangular lattice material CuMnO2

Simon A. J. Kimber, Andrew Wildes, Hannu Mutka, Jan-Willem G. Bos, Dimiti Argyriou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
14 Downloads (Pure)


The Ising triangular lattice remains the classic test-case for frustrated magnetism. Here we report neutron scattering measurements of short range magnetic order in CuMnO2, which consists of a distorted lattice of Mn3+ spins with single-ion anisotropy. Physical property measurements on CuMnO2 are consistent with 1D correlations caused by anisotropic orbital occupation. However the diffuse magnetic neutron scattering seen in powder measurements has previously been fitted by 2D Warren-type correlations. Using neutron spectroscopy, we show that paramagnetic fluctuations persist up to ∼25 meV above TN= 65 K. This is comparable to the incident energy of typical diffractometers, and results in a smearing of the energy integrated signal, which hence cannot be analysed in the quasi-static approximation. We use low energy XYZ polarised neutron scattering to extract the purely magnetic (quasi)-static signal. This is fitted by reverse Monte Carlo analysis, which reveals that two directions in the triangular layers are perfectly frustrated in the classical spin-liquid phase at 75 K. Strong antiferromagnetic correlations are only found along the b-axis, and our results hence unify the pictures seen by neutron scattering and macroscopic physical property measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Article number445802
JournalJournal of Physics: Condensed Matter
Issue number44
Early online date5 Aug 2020
Publication statusPublished - 21 Oct 2020


  • frustrated magnetism
  • neutron scattering
  • spin correlations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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