Speciation, behaviour, and fate of mercury under oxy-fuel combustion conditions

Patricia Córdoba, M. Maroto-valer, Miguel Angel Delgado, Ruth Diego, Oriol Font, Xavier Querol

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14 Citations (Scopus)
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The work presented here reports the first study in which the speciation, behaviour and fate of mercury (Hg) have been evaluated under oxy-fuel combustion at the largest oxy-Pulverised Coal Combustion (oxy-PCC) demonstration plant to date during routine operating conditions and partial exhaust flue gas re-circulation to the boiler. The effect of the CO2-rich flue gas re-circulation on Hg has also been evaluated. Results reveal that oxy-PCC operational conditions play a significant role on Hg partitioning and fate because of the continuous CO2-rich flue gas re-circulations to the boiler. Mercury escapes from the cyclone in a gaseous form as Hg2+ (68%) and it is the prevalent form in the CO2-rich exhaust flue gas (99%) with lower proportions of Hg0 (1.3%). The overall retention rate for gaseous Hg is around 12%; Hg0 is more prone to be retained (95%) while Hg2+ shows a negative efficiency capture for the whole installation. The negative Hg2+ capture efficiencies are due to the continuous CO2-rich exhaust flue gas recirculation to the boiler with enhanced Hg contents. Calculations revealed that 44 mg of Hg were re-circulated to the boiler as a result of 2183 re-circulations of CO2-rich flue gas. Especial attention must be paid to the role of the CO2-rich exhaust flue gas re-circulation to the boiler on the Hg enrichment in Fly Ashes (FAs).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-161
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Research
Early online date14 Dec 2015
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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