A procedure for designing a simplified, dragonfly-like wing model that is suitable for use in a Biomimetic Micro Air Vehicle (BMAV) is presented. BMAV are a relatively new class of micro-scaled unmanned air systems that mimic the flapping wing propulsion system of flying biological organisms (like insects). Many insects (e.g. dragonflies) have complex wing vein and membrane patterns that are too small to fabricate using many types of machine cutting tools (e.g. micro laser cutting). Structural dynamic modification using the spatial network analysis approach is used to create a simplified model. Our objective was to minimize the wing vein patterns so that they were within our fabrication tolerances. Simulations were performed for both the detailed and simplified models. The natural frequency and corresponding mode shapes, modal assurance criterion (MAC) and static bend-twist coupling results were very similar. This analysis shows that a simplified model can be designed and fabricated to closely biomimic a real dragonfly wing.
Nair Sivasankaran, P., & Ward, T. A. (2016). Spatial network analysis to construct simplified wing structural models for Biomimetic Micro Air Vehicles. Aerospace Science and Technology, 49, 259-268. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ast.2015.12.005