Spatial Economy and the geography of Functional Economic Areas

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Abstract

The spatial economy can be visualised as a web of overlapping markets or functional areas linked to different activities. Unfortunately, very often administrative regions and local authority areas are used as proxies for functional areas, but they have serious shortcomings for spatial economicanalysis and the implementation of local policies. The spatial economy is viewed here as a complex network of economic flows within a hierarchical urban system. This paper constructs a comprehensive geography of functional economic areas by first using consistent criteria based on commuting and migration flows for England. The analysis next superimposes a central place hierarchy derived from retail sales and office centre rents. It then classifies these functional economic areas offering insights into the spatial economy of England. The geography queries the relevance of core/surrounding models of urban form as large local labour market areas comprise in some cases more than 20 housing market areas. While the research uses England as a case study, the analysis is of generic significance to the spatial economies of developed countries. The paper also raises a number of methodological and data issues for further development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-503
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironment and Planning B: Planning and Design
Volume44
Issue number3
Early online date8 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2017

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economics
urban system
commuting
housing market
labor market
market
geography
economy
analysis
local authority
policy
office
developed country

Cite this

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Spatial Economy and the geography of Functional Economic Areas. / Jones, Colin Anthony.

In: Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Vol. 44, No. 3, 03.05.2017, p. 486-503.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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