Spatial Correlations of a 3D Non-Stationary MIMO Channel Model with 3D Antenna Arrays and 3D Arbitrary Trajectories

Qiuming Zhu, Ying Yang, Cheng-Xiang Wang, Yi Tan, Jian Sun, Xiaomin Chen, Weizhi Zhong

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IEEE By considering the three dimensional (3D) antenna arrays and 3D arbitrary trajectories of a mobile station (MS), a generic non-stationary geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM) for multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels is proposed. Under 3D non-isotropic Von Mises Fisher (VMF) scattering scenarios, the theoretical and approximate expressions of time-variant spatial correlation function (SCF) are also derived and analyzed. Simulation results show that the SCFs of proposed model match well with the ones of existing models for the special cases of 1D linear and 2D curve trajectories. In addition, the derived theoretical SCFs also have good agreements with simulated and measured results.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Wireless Communications Letters
Early online date26 Oct 2018
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Oct 2018



  • Antenna arrays
  • arbitrary trajectories.
  • Azimuth
  • geometry-based stochastic model (GBSM)
  • MIMO communication
  • non-stationary MIMO channels
  • Scattering
  • spatial correlation (SC)
  • Three-dimensional displays
  • Trajectory
  • Von Mises Fisher (VMF)

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