Sound-field characterisation and implications for industrial sound-intensity measurements

R. G D Williams, S. J. Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Sound-field characterisation is of vital importance in evaluating and improving the reliability of sound-intensity measurements. This paper examines indicators of the sound-field characteristics and the consequent implications for sound-intensity measurements. Results illustrate how the coherence between sound pressure and particle velocity can classify sound fields as diffuse multi-source, direct, or direct-plus-reverberant from one source. The measurements were conducted in a power station, which is typical of many commonly encountered multi-source, reverberant environments confronting the noise-control engineer. The value of sound-pressure/particle-velocity coherence is consistent with the form of acoustic field implied by the sound-power, vector-sound-intensity, and sound-pressure measurements. Some practical difficulties of sound-intensity measurement in complex environments are discussed, as is the identification of these by coherence and the standard sound-field indicators. © 1992.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-323
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Acoustics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1992


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